Among the IRF’s requirements for optimizing spending in education is to increase the teaching load on teachers.

Among the IRF’s requirements for optimizing spending in education is to increase the teaching load on teachers.

This, of course, is not enough.

In this situation, we need to motivate at least the best teachers, those teachers who can be reformers, those teachers who promote the best teaching methods and technologies, those teachers who show better results, those teachers who can become teachers of other teachers.

Therefore, the bill proposes a mechanism for voluntary certification of teachers. This means that teachers who feel the strength of a certain level of qualification can pass an external voluntary certification, which will consist of an external exam – a test for knowledge of their subject, teaching methods, knowledge of reform, as well as take into account the results of the teacher colleagues, parents of students.

Upon successful completion of the certification, the teacher will be entitled to an additional surcharge. So far, the bill proposes to set such an allowance at 20% of wages, but we propose at least 25%.

– Will other allowances, for example, for years of service paid today, be retained?

– In addition to salaries, teachers receive additional payments for certain types of work – classroom management, checking notebooks, office management. I will say at once that in fact these are meager surcharges. Currently, the current version of the bill "On Education" provides for bonuses for years of service (over 3 years – 10%, 10 years – 20%, 20 years – 30%). Of course, the law "On general secondary education" will be adopted, in which we will write in more detail all the other surcharges for teachers.

At the same time, I would like to note that even in the law "On Education" we must warn of a certain level of teachers’ salaries, which we strive for – in our reality, we need to legally position teachers in the middle class , at least in its lower strata. This is the level that allows the teacher to feel confident, not to look for additional income, but to engage in training and look decent, provide for themselves.

After all, you understand: the teacher enters the classroom, and 20, and sometimes 30 pairs of eyes look at him, he is in the center of attention. Parents are interested in this teacher leaving all their problems behind the door and going to these children and teaching them with love. A teacher with an inferiority complex cannot be a role model for children – future successful Ukrainian citizens.

And, if the authorities cannot satisfy the corresponding payment of work of the teacher, we have to specify in the law gradual terms of bringing it to a certain level.

– Earlier it was reported about the possibility of increasing the teaching load from 18 to 22 hours per rate. Is this question still relevant?

– Among the IRF’s requirements for optimizing spending in education is to increase the workload for teachers. In many EU countries, the teaching load per hour per week ranges from 18 to 24 hours. But 18 hours, as we have, is also available. I believe that the number of hours can be increased only at the same time as a significant increase in wages.

What does an increase in load lead to? Not only to increase the volume of work, but also to reduce the large number of teachers. We calculated that if we increase the workload from 18 to 22 hours, we will have to lay off 10,000 teachers.

Thus, in order to carry out such a reform, it is necessary to do two things – to link it to a significant increase in wages and to provide a "social cushion" for these dismissed teachers.

– What is the essence of such a "social pillow"?

– European countries, such as Poland, have gone through a situation in their history where they have been forced to lay off large numbers of teachers due to the demographic decline. In Ukraine, the number of students has decreased by 45% and the number of teachers by 22% over the last 15 years. What do we have as a result? We have a lot of teachers working at a rate of 0.5, at a rate of 0.75, especially in rural areas, small towns. Their meager salary is even lower and it is obvious that the social status of the teacher is falling.

What is being done in other countries? In addition to severance pay, educators either receive additional offers for another job where they can go and work with their education, or help them, such as giving low-interest loans to start their own small businesses and teaching them how to start a business. That is, a certain "social cushion" is given for such people who may suffer from such a mass release.

If we do not offer a radical increase in wages and this "social pillow", we have no right to increase the burden on the rate.

– Ordinary citizens often do not understand why children will have to go to school until they are 18 years old. Do you think society will accept such an educational reform?

– I often hear various warnings about what to sit and study until the age of 18! I want to ask: "We have a lot of jobs for people who have turned 17?". After all, understand that civilized countries that care about their citizens and their social level, increase and extend the time of study, because it has a huge social function – children and young people do not drop out of the system, do not find themselves on the streets. Extending education, increasing the coverage of education leads to the fact that we reduce the risk of young people falling into marginalized groups. This, first!

Secondly, we need an additional year to give our children the competencies they will need in today’s world: knowledge of foreign languages ​​and information technology, the ability to think critically, cooperate with others, learn throughout life, be responsible citizens of their country … This should be a new Ukrainian school.

Third, it has been proven that the number of years of education that the general population receives then has a positive effect on GDP growth, ie there are economic indicators, albeit in the long run. According to a study commissioned by the European Commission in 2006, each additional year a student spends at school increases a country’s macroeconomic productivity by 6.2% and 1.3% in the long run in the context of accelerating technological progress.

Today, during such trumpets and global changes taking place in Ukraine, all the energy of our government very often goes to extinguish all these problems related to the war. But we must not forget that the world is creating a future through modern education systems, which must show itself in 5-10 years.

Now it is important to have the right plan and, most importantly, its implementation in clear actions of different levels of government.

secondary education reformeducation law12-year school

Related links:

▶ The government has decided to optimize the school network▶ What changes should the Ukrainian school expect and when▶ The bill on education will be discussed at the Verkhovna Rada committee▶ After 9th grade, students will have three pathways to education▶ More about secondary education reform in Ukraine


The specifics of primary school (grades 5-9) and academic / vocational school are two big differences

V. White: alternative three-year lyceums from 2018

Author: Vladimir Bely, Deputy Director for OIA, Physical and Technical Lyceum of Kherson.

Project plans

We have already traced the line of a possible negative scenario for the formation of three-year specialized education of high school students under the condition of the first set to the new high-quality 10th grade not earlier than 2028.

The main obstacle will be that until the moment of enrollment in the tenth grades of three-year new lyceums exclusively according to the results of external evaluation for 9th grade graduates, this external evaluation-9 will be no more than its compromise.

Based on this position, it is important to follow how the situation may develop in the segment of teacher training for the NEW SCHOOL. The latter according to the project should consist of primary school (grades 1-4), gymnasium (grades 5-9) and academic and professional lyceums / colleges.

It is clear that gradually the classes of the Ukrainian gymnasium (the main school in its current use) will be attended by teachers trained in the new programs of higher pedagogical and universal university education. It would seem that there is nothing better to come up with, … BUT there is one such important thing as pedagogical practice in the realities of high school education according to the programs of in-depth study of specialized disciplines. Here, it at new graduates of high school with pupils of new lyceums also WILL NOT BE!

The fact is that the specifics of the primary school (grades 5 – 9) and the specifics of the academic / professional lyceum, no matter how updated each of them are – are TWO BIG DIFFERENCES.

A teacher of the new generation, who will have only experience, even a new gymnasium, (I remind you – this is 5 – 9 classes with the basics of only the beginnings of science) can not automatically guarantee successful work in senior classes on in -depth study programs without a certain period of such practical work. Without bruising at the beginning of the career of professionals in their field does not happen on a mass scale.

Probable consequences

In the decade from now until 2028, most of the current highly qualified professionals will retire, who since the days of modern Ukraine have been working mostly in senior classes in programs of in-depth study of science-intensive, and not only, disciplines.

Will they be replaced by a new cohort of no less highly qualified university graduates, able to successfully open a new era in Ukrainian education – the profile three-year cycle of the new 12-year-old?

Oh, if so, Л BUT without practice there is no really high-quality professional. This is not about the practice that graduate students "go through". In addition, I would like to remind you that in the 9-year segment, educational competencies of a completely different content and level should be honed than those envisaged for the senior cycle.

Then again, most likely, it will happen that our Eurosceptics will get their hands on another old "trump card" 🙂 need to add the 12th year of study? "

As before, the new wave of replacements in power will use promises to overturn the decision of the "predecessors", they will again be supported by seemingly balanced representatives of society’s expectations for "real change".